Top 10 Lowest Currency in the World in 2023 

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Top 10 Lowest Currency in the World in 2023 

Money makes the world go round, or so the saying goes. However, not all currencies are created equal. From the towering might of the U.S. Dollar to the meagre value of the Iranian Rial, the world’s currencies show a wide range of economic stability and governance. In 2023, certain currencies have sunk so low that they’ve made it to our list of the top 10 lowest currency in the world.

This article aims to explain why these currencies are the lowest currency in the world and point out the factors that contribute to their low standing.

An Overview of the Lowest Currency in the World  

Currencies serve as a medium of exchange, a store of value, and a unit of account. Some, like the U.S. dollar, the Euro, and the British Pound, have strong buying power. Others find themselves on the opposite end of the spectrum.

Understanding which currencies are the lowest against the U.S. dollar can provide insights into various economic conditions, political stability, and investment opportunities. However, it’s important to note that a low-value currency isn’t always a sign of a weak economy. Sometimes, it’s a deliberate strategy by the government to boost exports or is influenced by other factors like high inflation rates, political turmoil, or economic sanctions.

Key Takeaways

  • The value of a currency is determined by a variety of economic and political factors, including inflation rates, interest rates, and overall stability.
  • Political instability, economic challenges, and international sanctions significantly contribute to low currency values.
  • The weakest currency in the world value is not inherently negative; it can offer advantages such as making exports cheaper and more competitive.

Top 10 Lowest Currency in the World in 2023

 Cheapest Currencies In The World In 2023

The strength of a country’s currency can say a lot about its economic health and stability. While some currencies boast strong purchasing power, others don’t fare as well.

Below, we explore the world’s lowest currency, providing an in-depth look into why these currencies have such low value:

Value: 1 USD = 1307.20 IQD

Iraq has had a turbulent history filled with war and political instability. This has led to massive infrastructure damage and discouraged foreign investors. The economy relies heavily on oil exports, and when global oil prices drop, it impacts Iraq’s financial system severely. A weak government with ineffective policies exacerbates the situation, making the Iraqi Dinar one of the lowest currency in the world.

Value: 1 USD = 3748.55 UGX

Uganda faces inflation, a condition where the cost of goods rises and the value of money drops. This is partly due to the country importing more than it exports, creating a trade imbalance. Political instability and corruption are other significant contributors. These factors collectively lead to a decline in the Ugandan Shilling, making it one of the lowest currency in the world.

Value: 1 USD = 7264.26 PYG

Paraguay’s economy is primarily agriculture-based, with a heavy dependency on the export of crops like soybeans. This makes it highly susceptible to global market fluctuations and environmental factors like drought. The country has not adequately diversified its economy, making it reliant on a narrow range of income sources. As a result, the Paraguayan Guarani ranks as one of the lowest currency in the world.

Value: 1 USD = 8571.68 GNF

Guinea is rich in natural resources like bauxite and diamonds. However, poor governance and a lack of investment in infrastructure hamper economic development. Widespread corruption and weak laws make it challenging to conduct business efficiently, thereby making the Guinean Franc one of the lowest currency in the world.

Value: 1 USD = 12,189.81 UZS

Uzbekistan is hampered by outdated economic policies and an over-reliance on cotton exports. The government has been slow in implementing reforms that could diversify the economy and attract foreign investment. Political issues also contribute to the country’s economic woes, thus making the Uzbekistani Som one of the lowest currency in the world.

Value: 1 USD = 15,415.80 IDR

Indonesia’s reliance on oil imports is a significant drain on its finances, leading to a trade imbalance. Additionally, systemic corruption and governance issues further hinder economic development. Without significant reforms, the Indonesian Rupiah will continue to be one of the lowest currency in the world.

Value: 1 USD = 19,750.00 SLL

Sierra Leone, despite its wealth in natural resources like diamonds, has failed to capitalize on them effectively. Poor governance, lack of infrastructure, and civil unrest have led to an unstable economic environment. These factors collectively contribute to the Sierra Leonean Leone being one of the lowest currency in the world.

Value: 1 USD = 20,089.63 LAK

Laos faces the challenge of being landlocked, which limits its trade options. Its economy is not diverse and relies on a few key industries. Poor governance and a lack of infrastructure further hamper economic growth, making the Lao or Laotian Kip one of the lowest currency in the world.

Value: 1 USD = 24,380.00 VND

Vietnam has seen growth in sectors like tourism and manufacturing, but inflation remains a significant problem. Additionally, the country faces bureaucratic hurdles that impede foreign investment, thereby holding back the Dong from gaining strength and making it one of the lowest currency in the world.

Value: 1 USD = 42,240.00 IRR

Iran is severely impacted by international sanctions that restrict its trade and financial activities. Coupled with the government’s heavy dependence on oil exports, these factors make the Iranian Rial the world lowest currency, extremely volatile and susceptible to further weakening.

What Affects Currency Exchange Rates?

Currency exchange rates are more than just numbers; they’re indicators of an economy’s health and are affected by a variety of factors. In this section, we’ll outline the top 5 factors that affect currency exchange rates.

1. Inflation Rate

A lower inflation rate in a country generally improves that country’s currency value. Lower inflation often leads to a rise in the purchasing power of a currency.

2. Interest Rates

Higher interest rates attract foreign capital. This is because investors look for the best return on their investments. As a result, the value of the country’s currency increases.

3. Political Stability

Investors prefer to invest in a country that is politically stable. When there is political turmoil or uncertainty, the currency becomes less attractive. This can reduce its value.

4. Economic Indicators

Various indicators can influence a currency’s strength. These include GDP growth, employment numbers, and fiscal policy. A strong and growing economy usually supports a strong currency.

5. Market Sentiment

The perception of a country’s currency can also affect its value. Events like political elections and geopolitical tensions can sway public opinion. This, in turn, affects the currency’s value.


Understanding the mechanics behind the lowest currency or weakest currency in the world provides insights into larger economic trends. As we’ve seen, the weakest currency in the world often comes from countries facing various challenges, such as high inflation, political instability, or economic underdevelopment. 

However, it’s crucial to recognize that the cheapest currency in the world is not necessarily a sign of a weak nation. In some cases, a weaker currency can offer opportunities for investment and trade. As with any financial undertaking, understanding the context is key to making informed decisions.


1. Which currency is the lowest currency in the world?

As of 2023, the Iranian Rial holds the position as the world’s lowest currency. Its value stands at 1 USD = 42,240.00 IRR, significantly lower than other currencies.

2. Why does Iran have the cheapest currency in the world? 

Several factors contribute to Iran’s cheapest currency in the world. Political instability, sanctions from other countries, and economic challenges all play a part in lowering the value of the Iranian Rial.

3. Is a weak currency good or bad?

A weak currency isn’t inherently good or bad. It depends on the context. For exporters, a weaker currency can make their products more competitive in global markets. However, it can also lead to higher inflation and reduce the purchasing power of citizens.

4. Which is the highest currency in the world?

As of 2023, the Kuwaiti Dinar is considered the world’s highest-valued currency in terms of exchange rate against the U.S. dollar.

5. What factors impact the value of a currency?

Several factors can impact a currency’s value. These include inflation rates, interest rates, political stability, economic performance, and market sentiment. All of these factors intertwine to form the currency’s overall value.

Related Article:

Read more: Forex

By FinxpdX Team
By FinxpdX Team
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