Fund Flow Statement: The Ultimate Guide for Beginners

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fund flow statement

Managing a business’s finances can quickly become a complicated task. A fund flow statement can be your roadmap in this journey. This guide aims to delve into its importance, outline its main components, and differentiate it from a cash flow statement.

What Is Fund Flow Statement?

A fund flow statement is a financial report that shows how money moves in and out of a business during a set period, often a year or a quarter. Unlike a balance sheet or an income statement, it focuses on the liquidity of the business. It breaks down financial activities like operations, investing, and financing, giving a complete picture of how cash is generated and used. 

This statement is valuable for managers, investors, and creditors who want to understand a company’s financial health better.

Key Takeaways

  • A fund flow statement offers a comprehensive view of a company’s financial position over a specific period. It can be a critical part of a company’s annual report
  • The primary components of fund flow are the sources and uses of funds, which include avenues like loans or asset sales and expenditures like machinery purchase or debt repayment.
  • The main objectives of a fund flow statement are to assess financial health, track asset and liability changes, and guide financial decisions.

Importance of a Fund Flow Statement

The importance of a fund flow statement is multifaceted. It provides a clear view of a company’s liquidity, indicating how well the business can meet its short-term obligations like debts. This is invaluable for management, when company leaders decides to start new projects or set money aside for future needs. 

The statement aids in effective resource allocation. By tracking where funds are coming from and going to, managers can identify areas for cost reduction or investment. This ultimately leads to more efficient operations.

3 Components of a Fund Flow Statement

Understanding a fund flow statement requires getting to know its core elements, which comprise 3 main components:

1. Sources of Funds

Sources of funds show where the company is obtaining its money. This includes revenue from sales, loans, and capital raised from investors.

2. Uses of Funds

Uses of funds outline where the company allocates its financial resources. Expenditures commonly include operations, debt repayment, and investments.

3. Net Fund Flow

Net fund flow calculates the financial outcome at the end of the period. It is the difference between the sources and uses of funds, indicating whether there’s a surplus or a deficit.

How to Prepare a Fund Flow Statement

Creating a fund flow statement isn’t as daunting as it may seem if you know what you’re doing. It involves a sequence of steps that systematically capture the movement of funds in your business. Below is a simplified guide:

1. Gather Financial Data

Start by collecting all relevant financial information for your financial statement. This usually includes your balance sheet and income statement from both the current and previous years.

2. Identify Sources and Uses of Funds

The next step in creating your financial statement is to pinpoint your sources and uses of funds. This sets the foundation for the main components of the fund flow statement.

3. Calculate Changes in Working Capital

Working capital is crucial for understanding how funds have been managed. Calculate the change in working capital by comparing figures from the current and previous years.

4. Create the Statement

With all the data in hand, start constructing the funds flow statement. Organize the sources and uses of funds, and then calculate the net fund flow.

5. Review and Analyze

After crafting your statement, take time to review it. Ensure all calculations are accurate and offer valuable insights into your company’s financial standing.

6. Get Approval

Finally, having the statement reviewed by key stakeholders or financial advisors is crucial before making it public or utilizing it in decision-making processes.

Difference Between Fund Flow and Cash Flow Statement 

These two flow statements are essential tools, but they serve distinct purposes and offer unique insights into a company’s financial health. The table below is a summarized comparison of the differences:

FeatureCash Flow StatementFund Flow Statement
ObjectiveTo provide an overview of cash transactions over a specific period.To show the changes in financial position between two-time points.
FocusPrimarily on cash and cash equivalents.Working capital, including both cash and non-cash items.
Time PeriodTypically monthly, quarterly, or annually.Usually annually or when comparing two balance sheets.
ComponentsOperating, Investing, and Financing activities.Sources funds, net fund flow, and uses of funds, including changes in working capital.
UsefulnessGood for short-term liquidity analysis.Useful for long-term financial planning and analysis.
MandatoryMandatory as per the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP)Not mandatory, but highly recommended for internal use.
AudienceExternal stakeholders like investors and creditors.Mainly used for internal decision-making by management.


The financial landscape of a business is intricate, requiring different tools for various purposes. While cash flow statements give you an immediate sense of your liquidity by focusing on cash transactions, fund flow statements broaden the perspective to include changes in working capital, revealing long-term trends and providing invaluable insights for strategic planning.

Understanding the unique features and benefits of each statement allows companies to better manage their resources, satisfy stakeholder demands, and make strategic decisions with confidence.


1. What is fund flow statement?

It is a financial report that shows the sources and applications of a company’s capital during a specified period. It helps to identify the changes in the financial position between the two balance sheets.

2. What are the main components of a fund flow statement?

The primary components include sources of funds, net fund flow, and uses of funds.

3. What is the difference between fund flow and cash flow statement?

The main difference is that a cash flow statement focuses solely on cash and cash equivalents. While, a fund flow statement provides a broader view, incorporating all changes in working capital. Cash flow is usually concerned with short-term liquidity, while fund flow is used for longer-term financial analysis.

4. What are the main objectives of a fund flow statement?

The main objectives are to assess a company’s overall financial health and to guide financial decision-making by tracking changes in assets, liabilities, and equity.

5. Is it mandatory for companies to prepare a fund flow statement?

No, it is not mandatory as per the generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). However, it is highly beneficial for internal decision-making and long-term planning.

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Read more: Funds & Loans

By FinxpdX Team
By FinxpdX Team
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