Allotment of Shares: Key Tactics for Asset Growth

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Allotment of Shares

The concept of share allotment is pivotal in the financial markets, especially for companies looking to raise capital and investors aiming to own a piece of corporate entities. This article delves into its insights, its significance, and how it differs from the issuance of shares.

What Is Allotment of Shares?

This refers to the process through which a company allocates its shares to prospective shareholders. This can occur during various stages of a company’s life, from its initial steps into the public markets via an Initial Public Offering (IPO) to subsequent phases of capital expansion. After the allotment process, companies create a document that lists the shares given to each investor. This marks when applicants become official shareholders.

Key Takeaways

  • Allotment of shares refers to the distribution of company stock to applicants.
  • Allotment criteria may include investor type, application size, and strategic considerations.
  • Share allotment often leads to ownership diversification and an expanded investor base.
  • Successful allotment boosts company credibility and market presence.

Types of Share Allotment

There are different types designed for various stages of a company’s growth and investment plans, as follows:

1. IPO Allotment

This occurs when a company offers its shares to the public for the first time. The IPO allotment process determines how shares are distributed among the various categories of applicants, including institutional investors, retail investors, and company employees.

2. Rights Issue Allotment

Companies might offer additional shares to existing shareholders at a predetermined price, usually at a discount to the current market price. This is known as a rights issue.

3. Private Placement

Shares are allotted to a select group of investors, often institutional investors through private placement. This process typically skips the public offering route.

How Does Allotment of Shares Work?

The process begins with the company announcing the availability of shares, followed by investors applying for these shares. After the application period ends, the company, often with the help of underwriters, decides on the final allotment status. This decision is based on several factors, such as the number of shares each investor applied for, the total shares on offer, and the category of the investor.

The Difference Between Allotment of Shares and Issue of Shares

These are closely linked, but they serve distinct purposes within the framework of share distribution. Below is a concise comparison to highlight the main differences between the two:

AspectAllotment of SharesIssue of Shares
DefinitionRefers to the company’s decision to allocate a specific number of shares to an applicant, making them a potential shareholder.Involves the formal transfer of the allocated shares to the investors, officially making them shareholders of the company.
ProcessDecides share distribution based on applications, categories, and availability.Involves legal transfer and registration of shares to investors’ names.
OutcomeIdentifies eligible investors and their share quantities.Finalizes investors’ legal ownership of shares.
Key DistinctionPhase of deciding share distribution among applicants.Phase of completing share distribution by legal issuance to investors.

Why Is the Allotment of Shares Important?

It is a critical phase in a company’s capital-raising efforts. It determines the company’s shareholder base and can significantly impact the company’s capital structure and market perception. 

For investors, the allotment status is crucial as it determines their stake in the company and the potential return on their investment. The process needs to be transparent and equitable to maintain investor confidence and market integrity.


Understanding the allotment of shares is essential for both companies seeking to raise capital and investors looking to expand their portfolios. The process not only guides the company’s immediate financial earnings but also paves the way for future interactions between the company and its shareholders. As financial markets evolve, the mechanisms of share allotment continue to adapt, reflecting the dynamic nature of global finance.


1. What is allotment of shares?

Allotment of shares is the process where a company allocates shares to applicants, potentially making them shareholders.

2. What is the difference between issue of shares and allotment of shares?

Allotment is the allocation of shares to applicants, while issuance is the legal transfer of these shares, confirming official ownership.

3. How is allotment of shares different in private vs public companies?

In private companies, it is typically directed to a select group of investors. In public companies, shares can be allotted to the general public through processes like IPOs.

4. How can investors track their share allotment status?

Investors can track their allotment status through the company’s IPO portal, stock exchange websites, or their demat account statements.

5. What is the significance of share allotment for investors?

It determines an investor’s ownership stake in a company, influencing their potential returns and voting power.

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Read more: Stocks

By FinxpdX Team
By FinxpdX Team
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